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[双语]谈吐的艺术

发布时间:2012年08月03日 11:05 | 进入复兴论坛 | 来源:国际在线 | 手机看视频


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  SIR ISAIAH BERLIN, a Latvian-born Oxford philosopher who died in 1997, may well have ranked among the greatest conversationalists who ever lived. According to Robert Darnton, a Princeton historian, Berlin's friends would "watch him as if he were a trapeze artist, soaring through every imaginable subject, spinning, flipping, hanging by his heels and without a touch of showmanship". Darnton reckoned that Berlin's only match in relatively modern times might have been Denis Diderot, an 18th-century French Enlightenment philosopher. By one account Diderot's conversation was "enlivened by absolute sincerity, subtle without obscurity, varied in its forms, dazzling in its flights of imagination, fertile in ideas and in its capacity to inspire ideas in others. One let oneself drift along with it for hours at a time, as if one were gliding down a fresh and limpid river, whose banks were adorned with rich estates and beautiful houses."

  出生于拉脱维亚,辞世于1997年的牛津哲学家ISAIAH BERLIN爵士足可跻身于世间曾有的最伟大的健谈人士之列。据普林斯顿大学历史学家Robert Darnton称,Berlin的朋友们会"注视着他就像看着一位高空杂技艺术家――他从你想象得到的每一个道具中猛然穿越而过,靠一双脚跟旋转着,弹跳着,悬挂着,而你却对他表演能力毫无察觉"。 Darnton认为,在相对当代时间内,唯一可以与Berlin媲美的是18世纪的法国启蒙哲学家狄德罗(Denis Diderot)。据说,狄德罗的谈吐的特点是"因极致的真诚而来的生动活泼,机巧而不含糊,形式多有变化,想象力奇妙得令人惊羡,观点丰富,其内涵足以激发他人的观点。他的谈吐,能让人一次随之游荡上数个小时,仿佛随着清澈而明净的河水飘摇而下,两岸河边点缀着富气的洋房和美丽的宅院。"

  Churchill was another magnificent talker, perhaps the greatest of the 20th century, but often a poor listener. Virginia Woolf was given, in the words of one biographer, to "wonderful performances in conversation, spinning off into fantastic fabrications while everyone sat around and, as it were, applauded". A short list of the greatest living conversationalists in English would probably have to include Christopher Hitchens, Sir Patrick Leigh Fermor, Sir Tom Stoppard, Studs Terkel and Gore Vidal.

  丘吉尔(Churchill)是另一位豪气干云的健谈家,他也许还是20世纪最伟大的健谈家,但他常常是个糟糕的倾听者。在一本传记中,弗吉尼亚 伍尔芙(Virginia Woolf)被写描写成:"交谈时的表现非凡,在仿佛受人称道似的被大家围坐一旁时,他说起来了就像是穿针引线,织布成锦。"如果拉出一个尚且健存在世的最伟大的英语健谈家的简短名单话,大概一定要囊括上Christopher Hitchens,Patrick Leigh Fermor爵士, Tom Stoppard爵士, Studs Terkel和Gore Vidal这几位了。

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